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    危險性描述(Risk Codes)

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    危險性描述(Risk Codes)

    Risk Phrases

    英文解釋

    中文解釋

    R1

    Explosive when dry.

    干燥時有爆炸性;

    R2

    Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.

    受沖擊、摩擦、著火或其他引燃源有爆炸危險;

    R3

    Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition.

    受沖擊、摩擦、著火或其他引燃源有極高爆炸危險;

    R4

    Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds.

    生成極敏感的爆炸性金屬化合物;

    R5

    Heating may cause an explosion.

    受熱可能引起爆炸;

    R6

    Explosive with or without contact with air.

    與空氣或未與空氣接觸發生爆炸;

    R7

    May cause fire.

    可能引起火災;

    R8

    Contact with combustible material may cause fire.

    與可燃物料接觸可能引起火災;

    R9

    Explosive when mixed with combustible material.

    與可燃物料混合時發生爆炸;

    R10

    Flammable.

    易燃的;

    R11

    Highly flammable.

    高度易燃的;

    R12

    Extremely flammable.

    極易燃的;

    R14

    Reacts violently with water.

    與水猛烈反應;

    R14/15

    Reacts violently with water, liberating highly flammable gases.

    與水猛烈反應,釋放出極易燃氣體;

    R15

    Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases.

    與水接觸釋放出極易燃氣體;

    R15/29

    Contact with water liberates toxic, highly flammable gas.

    與水接觸釋放出有毒的,極易燃氣體;

    R16

    Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances.

    與氧化性物質混合時發生爆炸;

    R17

    Spontaneously flammable in air.

    在空氣中易自燃;

    R18

    In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.

    使用中可能形成易燃/爆炸性蒸氣空氣混合物;

    R19

    May form explosive peroxides.

    可能生成爆炸性過氧化物;

    R20

    Harmful by inhalation.

    吸入有害;

    R20/21

    Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin.

    吸入和與皮膚接觸是有害的;

    R20/21/22

    Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食是有害的;

    R20/22

    Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.

    吸入和吞食是有害的;

    R21

    Harmful in contact with skin.

    與皮膚接觸是有害的;

    R21/22

    Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    與皮膚接觸和吞食是有毒的;

    R22

    Harmful if swallowed.

    吞食是有害的;

    R23

    Toxic by inhalation.

    吸入有害;

    R23/24

    Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.

    吸入和與皮膚接觸是有毒的;

    R23/24/25

    Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食是有毒的;

    R23/25

    Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.

    吸入和吞食是有毒的;

    R24

    Toxic in contact with skin.

    與皮膚接觸有毒;

    R24/25

    Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    與皮膚接觸和吞食是有毒的;

    R25

    Toxic if swallowed.

    吞食有毒;

    R26

    Very toxic by inhalation.

    吸入有極高毒性;

    R26/27

    Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin.

    吸入和與皮膚接觸有極高毒性;

    R26/27/28

    Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食有極高毒性;

    R26/28

    Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed.

    吸入和吞食有極高毒性;

    R27

    Very toxic in contact with skin.

    與皮膚接觸有極高毒性;

    R27/28

    Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    與皮膚接觸和吞食有極高毒性;

    R28

    Very toxic if swallowed.

    吞食有極高毒性;

    R29

    Contact with water liberates toxic gas.

    與水接觸釋放出有毒氣體;

    R30

    Can become highly flammable in use.

    使用會變為高度易燃的;

    R31

    Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.

    與酸接觸釋放出有毒氣體;

    R32

    Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.

    與酸接觸釋放出極高毒性氣體;

    R33

    Danger of cumulative effects.

    有累積作用危險;

    R34

    Causes burns.

    引起灼傷;

    R35

    Causes severe burns.

    引起嚴重灼傷;

    R36

    Irritating to eyes.

    刺激眼睛;

    R36/37

    Irritating to eyes and respiratory system.

    刺激眼睛和呼吸系統;

    R36/37/38

    Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.

    刺激眼睛、呼吸系統和皮膚;

    R36/38

    Irritating to eyes and skin.

    刺激眼睛和皮膚;

    R37

    Irritating to respiratory system.

    刺激呼吸系統;

    R37/38

    Irritating to respiratory system and skin.

    刺激呼吸系統和皮膚;

    R38

    Irritating to skin.

    刺激皮膚;

    R39

    Danger of very serious irreversible effects.

    有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/23

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.

    有毒的:經吸入有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/23/24

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.

    有毒的:經吸入和與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/23/24/25

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    有毒的:經吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/23/25

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.

    有毒的:經吸入和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/24

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin.

    有毒的:與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/24/25

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    有毒的:與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/25

    Toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.

    有毒的:吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/26

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation.

    極高毒性:經吸入有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/26/27

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.

    極高毒性:經吸入和與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/26/27/28

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    極高毒性:經吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/26/28

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.

    極高毒性:經吸入和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/27

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin.

    極高毒性:與皮膚接觸有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/27/28

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    極高毒性:與皮膚接觸和吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R39/28

    Very toxic : danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed.

    極高毒性:吞食有極嚴重不可逆作用危險;

    R40

    Possible risks of irreversible effects.

    可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/20

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation.

    有害的:經吸入可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/20/21

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin.

    有害的:經吸入和與皮膚接觸可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/20/21/22

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    有害的:經吸入、與皮膚接觸和吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/20/22

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed.

    有害的:經吸入和吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/21

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin.

    有害的:與皮膚接觸可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/21/22

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    有害的:與皮膚接觸和吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R40/22

    Harmful : possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed

    有害的:吞食可能有不可逆作用的風險;

    R41

    Risk of serious damage to eyes.

    對眼睛有嚴重損害的風險;

    R42

    May cause sensitization by inhalation.

    吸入可能引起過敏;

    R42/43

    May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.

    吸入和皮膚接觸可能引起過敏;

    R43

    May cause sensitization by skin contact.

    皮膚接觸可能引起過敏;

    R44

    Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.

    在封閉情況下加熱有爆炸危險;

    R45

    May cause cancer.

    可能致癌;

    R46

    May cause heritable genetic damage.

    可能造成不可逆的遺傳損害

    R47

    May cause birth defects.

    可能引起出生缺陷;

    R48

    Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure.

    長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/20

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.

    有害的:經吸入長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/20/21

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.

    有害的:經吸入和與皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/20/21/22

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed

    有害的:經吸入、皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/20/22

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.

    有害的:經吸入和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/21

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin.

    有害的:經皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/21/22

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    有害的:經皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/22

    Harmful : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.

    有害的:吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/23

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.

    有毒的:經吸入長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/23/24

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin.

    有毒的:經吸入和與皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/23/24/25

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inh.,in contact with skin and if swallowed

    有毒的:經吸入、皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/23/25

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed.

    有毒的:經吸入和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/24

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin.

    有毒的:經皮膚長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/24/25

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed.

    有毒的:經皮膚和吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R48/25

    Toxic : danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed.

    有毒的:吞食長期接觸有嚴重損害健康的危險;

    R49

    May cause cancer by inhalation.

    吸入可能致癌;

    R50

    Very toxic to aquatic organisms.

    對水生生物有極高毒性;

    R50/53

    Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

    對水生生物有極高毒性,可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;

    R51

    Toxic to aquatic organisms.

    對水生生物是有毒的;

    R51/53

    Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

    對水生生物有毒,可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;

    R52

    Harmful to aquatic organisms.

    對水生生物是有害的;

    R52/53

    Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.

    對水生生物有害,可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;

    R53

    May cause long-term adverse effects in aquatic environment.

    可能在水生環境中造成長期不利影響;

    R54

    Toxic to flora.

    對植物群有毒;

    R55

    Toxic to fauna.

    對動物群有毒;

    R56

    Toxic to soil organisms.

    對土壤中生物有毒;

    R57

    Toxic to bees.

    對蜜蜂有毒;

    R58

    May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment.

    可能在環境中造成長期不利影響;

    R59

    Dangerous for the ozon layer.

    對臭氧層有危害;

    R60

    May impair fertility.

    可能損傷生育力;

    R61

    May cause harm to the unborn child.

    可能對未出生嬰兒造成危害;

    R62

    Possible risk of impaired fertility.

    可能有損傷生育力的危險;

    R63

    Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.

    可能有損害未出生嬰兒的危險;

    R64

    May cause harm to breastfed babies.

    可能對哺乳嬰兒造成危害;

    R65

    Harmfull may cause lung damage if swallowed

    有害的:吞食可能造成肺部損害;

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